Good post on Federation (of which globalization is the chief enabler) by Tom Barnett
The basic lesson I learned with my Packers is the same one cited here: "Technology has given individuals, microcultures and larger groups the means to survive."
The homogenizing/particularizing dichotomy of globalization on culture is not dissimilar to the impacts found in politics: the breaking down of fake states into constituent parts while simultaneously encouraging regional integration.
To me, this is the quintessential structure dynamic of globalization: more freedom below while more integration above. People faint over the notion of a world state, but that misreads the trends completely. We are headed for more forms of federation, not unification. Rather than have some global ID stamped on your forehead, Orwell-style, you're far more likely to have multiple passports.
Of course that future is already here, we now need to distribute the Claims based security protocols to support it, as described in the Laws of Identity
The use of the word claim is therefore more appropriate in a distributed and federated environment than alternate words such as “assertion,” which means “a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.” (OED) In evolving from a closed domain model to an open, federated model, the situation is transformed into one where the party making an assertion and the party evaluating it may have a complex and even ambivalent relationship.The world is already federated, its the computer that need to catch up, specifically the security protocols. CBAC gets us out of the world of point to point security and into a world where the security protocols reflect the assets which are composed of diverse resources. You can look at the evolution of security protocols on the web (oauth) and enterprise (SAML) that deliver on exactly this need.